Document Type : Original Article
1 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, College of Medicine, Al-Iraqia University, Baghdad, Iraq
2 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq
Premenstrual tension is a common public health problem that significantly affects the personal well-being, academics, and of adolescents’ life quality. Consequently, the purpose of the study is to ascertain the prevalence of premenstrual tensions and evaluate its academic and social impact on Iraqi female medical students. From February 2022 to May 2022, a cross-sectional study was carried out at several institutions in Baghdad/Iraq, including (the College of Medicine, Pharmacy, and Dentistry). An online self-questionnaire was used to gather information on the premenstrual tension symptoms, menstrual pain, and academic performance of 2080 Iraqi female medical students. Most respondents (73.6%) experienced various premenstrual symptoms with varying degrees of severity; the most frequent symptoms were depressed mood, anger, irritability, flatulence, acne, and breast tenderness. Approximately (49.0%) of the participants experienced menstrual pain, (78.1%) reported regular menstruation, and (40%) reported learning difficulties. The predominant impact on academic performance was lack of concentration (39.5%) and difficulty in work (34.0%). Among the participants, the majority of the students (59.4%) reported self-medicating with painkillers such as NSAIDs. Furthermore, the study shows that premenstrual symptoms were significantly linked with reduced academic performance and interpersonal relationships among Iraqi medical students (P<0.001). The current study found that premenstrual tension symptoms are associated with poor educational performance and poor interpersonal relationships among Iraqi female medical students. To close the gender gap in our society for a better future, more study is required to analyze and assess the cause of premenstrual tension symptoms and therapeutic interventions.
Selected author of this article by journal
This article is licensed under a CC BY License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
CMBR journal remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional afflictions.
Letters to Editor
Given that CMBR Journal's policy in accepting articles will be strict and will do its best to ensure that in addition to having the highest quality published articles, the published articles should have the least similarity (maximum 18%). Also, all the figures and tables in the article must be original and the copyright permission of images must be prepared by authors. However, some articles may have flaws and have passed the journal filter, which dear authors may find fault with. Therefore, the editor of the journal asks the authors, if they see an error in the published articles of the journal, to email the article information along with the documents to the journal office.
CMBR Journal welcomes letters to the editor ([email protected]) for the post-publication discussions and corrections which allows debate post publication on its site, through the Letters to Editor. Critical letters can be sent to the journal editor as soon as the article is online. Following points are to be considering before sending the letters (comments) to the editor.
 Letters that include statements of statistics, facts, research, or theories should include appropriate references, although more than three are discouraged.
 Letters that are personal attacks on an author rather than thoughtful criticism of the author’s ideas will not be considered for publication.
 There is no limit to the number of words in a letter.
 Letter writers should include a statement at the beginning of the letter stating that it is being submitted either for publication or not.
 Anonymous letters will not be considered.
 Letter writers must include Name, Email Address, Affiliation, mobile phone number, and Comments
 Letters will be answered as soon as possible